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Gutman's Plant Office

Gutman's Plant Office

Nowadays:

Office block

First guild merchant Iosif Gutman opened a mechanical workshop on Bolshaya Kazanskaya Street in 1898. Initially the plant occupied a large two-storey building (the former house of Rebelinsky), which was constructed in the first half of the 19th century. Previously there was a house of Ufa military commander on this spot. In several years the plant already produced cast iron and copper items, pumps, threshing machines, fire extinguishing equipment etc for the amount of 123 thousand rubles per...
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  • How to visit?
      Address:
      78 Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya Street
      Public Transport Stop:
      Zavod gornogo oborudovaniya
  • History

      First guild merchant Iosif Gutman opened a mechanical workshop on Bolshaya Kazanskaya Street in 1898. Initially the plant occupied a large two-storey building (the former house of Rebelinsky), which was constructed in the first half of the 19th century. Previously there was a house of Ufa military commander on this spot.

      In several years the plant already produced cast iron and copper items, pumps, threshing machines, fire extinguishing equipment etc for the amount of 123 thousand rubles per year. Back then there were almost 70 workers at the plant. The plant products (fire pumps) were awarded medals on all the All-Russian exhibitions in Saint-Petersburg (1900), Penza (1904), Kazan (1908), Rostov-na-Donu (1908), and Omsk (1910). In Ufa the plant was also famous for its cast-iron staircases, which still decorate old buildings: Kosterin's house, Theological Seminary etc. In accordance with the traditions of large companies willing to maintain their reputation, the plant decorated its output with a proud inscription: "I. Gutman's Plant in Ufa".

      In the early 20th century they built a plant office. Its brick-style design was heavily influenced by the developing Art Nouveau style: the building is clearly asymmetric; under the brick turret of the accentuated eastern corner they built an Art-Nouveau-like balcony. The architect remained unknown. In the same period they also extended the old building. Its yard facade was also transformed into an asymmetric one. Its exterior was brought into compliance with the new plant office: they added attics, columns etc.

      In 1917 the plant was owned by the founder's daughter Esfir Gutman. In 1925 the company was renamed into the State Mechanical Plant No. 1 of Bashkir Industry. The advertisement said: "Production and repairs of engines and agricultural equipment: production of engines from 6 to 40 HP, fire-engines (i.e. pumps), whim gins, oil presses etc". In 1924 the gross production amounted to 110 thousand golden rubles. The staff consisted of 79 workers. Workshops: casting, lathe, fitting, weighting, and modeling shops.

      Within 60-70 years of the Soviet age a couple of new buildings were added to the Gutman's plant. One of them bears a construction date: 1927. The former house of the Rebelenskys was thoroughly reconstructed. The first floor of the plant was used as a plant club and for public purposes: as a cinema and voting station.

      In the 1930s the company (since 1933 it's been called Mining Equipment Plant) has been producing equipment for the gold-mining industry; during the war it produced shell and landmines. In the 1960-1970s they built additional plant facilities facing the Nogaika River.For some reason in the 1970s they removed a long balcony from the second floor. In the late 1980s the plant mechanics suggested restoring the production of decorative cast-iron architectural details (columns, fences, hatches etc) in accordance with the old samples. In 2005 the production facility (since 1993 it' been called Gornas) was moved to Baimak. By 2007 all the buildings along the Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya Street apart from the plant office were demolished.

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